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Backgammon Setup Free Download: How to Play and Enjoy One of the Oldest Board Games in the World
Backgammon is a two-player board game that combines skill, strategy, and luck. It is one of the oldest and most widely played games in the world, dating back to ancient times. Backgammon is a game that can be enjoyed by people of all ages, backgrounds, and cultures. It can be played for fun, for recreation, or for gambling. It can also be a great way to exercise your brain, improve your concentration, and challenge your opponent.
If you are interested in playing backgammon, you don't need to buy an expensive board or pieces. You can simply download and install a free backgammon app on your smartphone, tablet, or computer. There are many free backgammon apps available for Android and Windows devices, offering different features, graphics, and levels of difficulty. Some of them also allow you to play online with other players or friends, or to watch tutorials and learn from experts.
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In this article, we will show you how to set up and play backgammon using a free app, how to apply some basic strategies and tips for beginners, and how to learn more about the history and popularity of this fascinating game.
How to Set Up and Play Backgammon
Backgammon is played on a board that consists of 24 narrow triangles called points. The points are divided into four quadrants: two inner boards and two outer boards. Each player has 15 pieces (also called checkers or stones) of their own color (usually white or black). The players move their pieces in opposite directions around the board, according to the roll of two dice. The objective of the game is to move all your pieces into your own inner board (also called home board) and then bear them off (remove them from the board). The first player to bear off all their pieces wins the game.
The rules of backgammon are fairly simple, but there are some variations and options that can make the game more complex and interesting. Here are the basic rules that apply to most free backgammon apps:
A checker can only move to an open point, one that is not occupied by two or more opposing checkers.
The numbers on the two dice indicate how many points (or pips) each checker can move. For example, if you roll a 5 and a 3, you can move one checker five points and another checker three points, or you can move one checker eight points (if both intermediate points are open).
If you roll a double (the same number on both dice), you can move four checkers by that number. For example, if you roll a 6-6, you can move four checkers six points each.
If you hit (land on) an opposing checker that is alone on a point (called a blot), you send it to the bar (the middle area that separates the boards). The opponent must then re-enter that checker from the bar before making any other moves. To re-enter, they must roll a number that corresponds to an open point in your inner board.
Once you have moved all your pieces in your inner board, you can start bearing them off. To bear off a checker, you must roll a number that corresponds to the point where the checker is located. For example, if you have a checker on the 4-point, you must roll a 4 to bear it off. If you roll a number higher than the highest point where you have a checker, you can bear off a checker from that point. For example, if you have checkers on the 3-point and the 2-point, and you roll a 6, you can bear off a checker from the 3-point.
If your opponent has not borne off any checkers and you have borne off all of yours, you win a gammon and score double the value of the game. If your opponent still has checkers on the bar or in your inner board and you have borne off all of yours, you win a backgammon and score triple the value of the game.
The value of the game can be increased by using a doubling cube, which is an optional device that has the numbers 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64 on its faces. Before rolling the dice, either player can propose to double the stakes of the game. The other player can either accept or decline. If they accept, they take possession of the cube and can propose to redouble later. If they decline, they forfeit the game and pay the current stakes. The doubling cube can be used multiple times in a game, up to 64 times the original value.
These are the basic rules of backgammon, but there are some more advanced rules and options that you can learn as you play. For example, some free backgammon apps allow you to choose different starting positions, use different scoring methods, or play different variants of the game. You can also apply some basic strategies and tips for beginners, such as:
Try to make points in your inner board and block your opponent's checkers from entering or escaping.
Try to hit your opponent's blots whenever possible, but avoid leaving your own blots exposed.
Try to move your checkers evenly and avoid creating gaps or stacks.
Try to balance between offense and defense, depending on the situation and the score.
Try to use the doubling cube wisely and know when to accept or decline a double.
The History and Popularity of Backgammon
Backgammon is one of the oldest board games in the world, with origins that can be traced back to ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) over 5,000 years ago. The game was played by various civilizations throughout history, such as the Egyptians, the Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, and the Byzantines. The game evolved over time and spread to different regions and cultures, adopting different names and rules. Some of the most notable variations of backgammon are:
TavlaTurkeyA popular version of backgammon that uses different starting positions and scoring methods.
NardeRussiaA version of backgammon that does not allow hitting or bearing off until all checkers are in the home board.
TakhtehIranA version of backgammon that uses different dice combinations and allows moving checkers backwards.
SugorokuJapanA version of backgammon that uses six dice instead of two and has different rules for moving and capturing checkers.
Acey-deuceyUSAA version of backgammon that gives special bonuses for rolling a 1-2 combination and allows entering checkers anywhere on the board.
Backgammon is not only a game of history, but also a game of culture and society. Backgammon has been associated with various aspects of life, such as religion, politics, art, literature, and entertainment. For example:
In Islam, backgammon was considered a forbidden game by some religious authorities, but was also played by some prominent figures such as Caliph Harun al-Rashid and poet Omar Khayyam.
In Europe, backgammon was played by royalty and nobility such as King Louis IX of France, Queen Elizabeth I of England, and King Charles VI of Denmark.
In America, backgammon was popularized by celebrities and media such as Humphrey Bogart, Lucille Ball, Playboy magazine, and James Bond movies.
In the Middle East, backgammon is a common social activity and a symbol of hospitality and friendship. It is often played in cafes, parks, and homes.
In the world, backgammon is a competitive sport and a source of entertainment. There are many national and international tournaments and championships, as well as online platforms and communities for backgammon enthusiasts.
Backgammon is a game that has a rich history, a diverse culture, and a universal appeal. It is a game that can be played by anyone, anywhere, anytime. It is a game that can be fun, relaxing, stimulating, or challenging. It is a game that can be learned in minutes, but mastered in years.
If you want to experience the joy of playing backgammon, you don't need to spend a lot of money or time. You can simply download and install a free backgammon app on your device and start playing right away. You can choose from different apps that offer different features, graphics, and levels of difficulty. You can also play online with other players or friends, or watch tutorials and learn from experts.
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